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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 2019
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BACKYARD BIRDING
Assessing the Variety of Seed Feeders

When you take a look at the stock of seed feeders offered by some companies, you might get the impression that there is an infinite number of different wild bird seed feeders available – different styles, different colors, different sizes, different feeders for different foods and for different kinds of birds. There are a lot of options, but essentially all bird feeders fall into five basic feeders – platform, hopper, tube, peanut, and window feeders. There is also a subset of squirrel-proof feeders that essentially protect a tube feeder or hopper feeder from marauding squirrels. Let’s take a closer look at the variety of seed feeders.


BIRDING LIFESTYLES
The Birds of Mongolia

When I received the new Princeton University Press publication, Birds of Mongolia, I initially thought it was probably not very relevant to readers – but I was excited to work my way through the book personally – after all, the Steppe region of Asia is the grassland equivalent of the Northern Great Plains, where I now reside. In fact, the 47th Parallel North passes through both Mongolia and North Dakota, and both locations are in the center of the respective continents. Then too, I have worked in northeast China, where the avifauna is similar to Mongolia.


BIRDING NEWS
Saturday is October Big Day for Birders Worldwide!

Are you prepared to share the excitement of the October Big Day of birding this Saturday, October 19th? This Saturday birders will share the lists of birds they observe at favorite birding locations, including their yards. Throughout the day you can see the lists increase in numbers across different parts of the world as data is updated in real-time on the eBird October Big Day webpage. Last year birders from 153 nations observed and reported 6,331 different species of birds during that October Big Day!

Three Big Birding Festivals This Week

It’s a big week for birding festivals, and it’s always exciting to take a look at each fest and see what varieties of events birders are attending, and benefiting from. Fall is a busy time for birders and it’s a great time to share the camaraderie with others at festival headquarters, on field trips, at seminars and workshops, interact with area pros and national speakers, and do a little shopping with product presenters at the festival expo or mall. This week is prime time to emphasize your birding roots at a fall festival.

Visit a Refuge during National Wildlife Refuge Week

National Wildlife Refuge Week celebrates the great network of lands and waters that conserves and protects Americans’ precious wildlife heritage and is observed the second full week of October each year – October 13 to 19, 2019. The National Wildlife Refuge System is managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and provides vital habitat for thousands of native species. National wildlife refuges offer outstanding recreation, and Refuge Week is a perfect time to see why tens of millions of Americans visit refuges each year to enjoy birding, hiking, wildlife photography, and much more.


EDITOR AFIELD
Join the Editor for Weekly Birding Highlights

Last week I made two trips that collectively took me from the Missouri River to the Mississippi River, covering the eastern half of the Northern Great Plains and skirting the western edge of the eastern forest. One of the first birds of the week was a first state sighting for me – a Common Raven that I was very surprised to see about 25 miles northwest of my office, on my way to Bismarck. I’ve seen hundreds of ravens in their usual forest, mountain, and desert habitats, but I’ve never seen one on the open plains before. I also sighted two other rare black birds –


GEAR & PRODUCTS
Celestron Elements Firecel+ Power Bank, Handwarmer, & Flashlight

Celestron Elements provides outdoor accessories to power your birding adventures with a safety aspect. Try the rechargeable Firecel+ 3-in-1 Power Bank, Flashlight, and Handwarmer that provides portable power to charge your smartphone, tablet, MP3 player, GPS device, and other USB-powered electronics. Any time you need a flashlight, your Firecel+ will aid your view, and its blinking white and red lights provide an SOS alert. When you find yourself in a cold weather or cold water situation, the Firecel+ operates as a handwarmer that provides heat for hours on a single charge.

The Duncraft Super Deluxe All-In-One Feeder has 11 Feeding Areas

Cater to the greatest variety of birds with Duncraft’s all-in-one hanging bird feeding station that features 11 different feeding areas with built-in perches. For example, you can serve two suet cakes and two orange halves with whole peanuts in the bottom tray, fill the two mesh silos with different kinds of seeds and fill the four dishes with grape jelly, food pellets, peanut butter, and mealworms. The impressive Duncraft Super Deluxe Bird Feeder is made of durable heavy-duty tan recycled plastic, its clear-view plastic roof keeps everything dry, is fitted with a hanging chain, and has a 5 pound capacity.


RARE BIRDS
The ABA Rare Bird Alert’s Weekly Highlights

Canadian birders led the week’s rare bird sightings with three provincial records from British Columbia alone, including the Second Provincial Record of a Common Crane, sighted in a large flock of Sandhill Cranes feeding in the Peace River area of British Columbia. Birders also found a Second Provincial Record Red-shouldered Hawk in Metchosinm, BC, along with a 12th Provincial Record Green-tailed Towhee in Lumby. (BC was the place to be!) But not to be bested, Edmonton birders enjoyed a First Provincial Record Ash-throated Flycatcher for Alberta. And yes, there were plenty of American rare bird sightings last week too!


BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY
Simple Settings -- Bird Photography for Beginners

When you have your camera in hand and you’re reading the model’s directions, even someone with years of experience can be overwhelmed by the variety of settings, the range of options for a single setting, and when to use each one. That’s where it helps to focus on one thing – one aspect of photography – in this case bird photography! For bird photography purposes, there are really only three primary settings you need to consider: The ISO, the aperture, and the shutter speed.

The ISO is a basic setting that determines the amount of light you have to work with to compose photographs. ISO settings have a broad range; the lower the ISO number, the better quality your photos will be. I tend to use an ISO of 200 or 400, which are very versatile setting in sunlight conditions. If you can photograph at ISO 100, more power to you. But when using a telephoto or zoom lens, an ISO of 200 or 400 will provide much better ranges of shutter speed.

Simple camera settings will yield advanced bird photographs like this Crested Caracara in flight with a little practice, fast reactions, and bit ’o luck.


As you use ISOs above 400, your photos will become more and more grainy, so try to use a maximum of 400 whenever possible. In lower light conditions, especially during cloudy days, I increase the ISO setting to 800, but I rarely go beyond that. As sunlight fades, you may need to dial the ISO to 1600 or higher, but by that time your photos are going to be very grainy and you might as well admit that photo time opportunities have passed.

Personally, I tend to use an ISO of 400 for every day sunlight conditions because this setting provides very good quality images and a lot of versatility so I don’t need to change the ISO. An ISO of 200 might be a better bet for some photographers. If I have an extended time with a photo subject, I might adjust the ISO from my usual 400 to 200 when conditions permit. But too often, I forget to switch back to 400 when conditions dictate that change, so I prefer to set the ISO at 400 and leave it there. If you’re just beginning, that’s a good bet for you too.

The Aperture and Shutter Speed setting work together – or against one another – depending on how you look at them. Nonetheless, your camera will help you to coordinate the relationship between the two settings by using an AV setting. The AV setting allows you to set the aperture you prefer, and the camera automatically adjusts the corresponding shutter speed. For bird photography, I set the aperture at f8 if there is a lot of light and I get a fast enough shutter speed to stop the motion of flight, say 1,000/second or faster.

With adequate lighting and simple settings, you can show your subject as a part of a natural setting. This example of a photo of an American Goldfinch was composed with the subject off-center, which is often a pleasing option.


I like to keep the aperture at f8 if possible, so there is a good area that is in-focus for flight photos; but you can always reduce the f-stop (aperture) to f6, for instance, which will increase the corresponding shutter speed. If you don’t have much light, do the best you can to emphasize the fastest shutter speed possible, and you may find that even a 1/250 of a second shutter speed might provide a great flight photo, and a little action in the wings can show motion in a good way.

At this point I must share with you that I strongly encourage all photographers never to use an automatic setting on your camera. Use the AV setting instead and you will be much better served. The camera just doesn’t understand the best options for bird photography, and some or all of your photos will be compromised by automatic settings. You can think through the settings process better than the camera can, especially by using the simple settings I just suggested for you: Use an ISO of 400, an AV setting of f8, and the resulting shutter speed will be fast for bird photography under good sunlight conditions.

Beyond these three settings, though, keep in mind that it’s usually not worth spending time trying to photograph wild birds without good sunlight – unless you have no option. If you want to take a documentary photo, that’s always acceptable under any conditions, especially if a rare bird is your focus. If you want to practice taking photos in poor light on a cloudy period, by all means do it. But if you’re looking to take quality photos of birds with a telephoto or zoom lens, showing eye and feather detail and colors, you need to select photo periods graced by good sunlight when the sunlight comes from an angle, and your shadow points toward the bird or birds.

Using an AV setting with an f-stop of f5 provided a uniform out-of-focus background to emphasize the California Quail in a striking portrait. In each of these three photos, the resulting shutter speed was fast enough to provide sharp images, even when there was plenty of action.


Beyond those simple suggestions, it will take some experience of your own to know what settings work best of you. But at least with my suggestions you’re not going into it blind. It can take months, even years, to figure out how to get started in this fashion if you don’t have some friendly advice from an experienced photographer. And by all means, visit with other bird photographers, read other information about bird photography, and learn from your experiences while photographing birds. One place to get a lot of action with your camera is at your feeding station. Practice there, and you’ll prosper from the experience when you go farther afield with your camera.

Then too, depending on whether you’re photographing in a woodland, on the edge of water – a marsh, lake, or beach – or with a blue sky background, you will learn what works best in your area, in your surroundings, and under different lighting conditions. With experience, you will become an ever-better judge of these variables, but we all still make mistakes and see improvements we can make. Bird photography is not an exact science, and we all try to make the best judgements we can and adapt as indicated. The primary import is not to be overwhelmed by the technical side of bird photography – and enjoy the process; it is so much fun and enjoyable!

One other option that is easy to set is your Frames per Second setting, which allows you to set your camera to take a single frame per second, or take a fast blast of photos – several per second, depending on your camera model. In the multiple frames per second mode, as long as you hold the shutter button down, photos will rattle off, which provides you with a series of images of a bird flying or taking off, or diving, or displaying. Then, once you have a series of photos, you can edit your favorite images from the series – after your birding outing. Even while in this multi-frame mode, if you don’t hold the shutter button down, your camera will just take a single photo as usual when you snap the shutter button once. This feature is a great one for bird photographers, and you can have a little extra fun when you press that shutter button; but you will quickly realize that the catch is being able to keep the moving bird within your viewfinder and photo frame.

As I described in last week’s article, bird photography adds to all our birding endeavors – in our yards, in the field, as we travel, and in our efforts to document our sightings and behavioral observations. It can also be a method of recording and remembering outdoor experiences, and your photos will aid in bringing fond memories back in vivid color. Bird photography is even an artistic endeavor that captures the real beauty, colors, and actions of wild birds in nature. There are also no limits to the enjoyment you experience when you engage in bird photography and grow with the experience.

            Article and photographs by Paul Konrad

Share your bird photographs and birding experiences at editorstbw2@gmail.com



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Oct. 15 - Oct. 20
Wings Over Water Wildlife Festival
Manteo, North Carolina
Oct. 16 - Oct. 21
American Birding Association Rally
Oahu, Kauai, Hawaii
Oct. 17 - Oct. 20
Florida Birding & Nature Festival
Tampa, Florida
Oct. 17 - Oct. 20
Cape May Fall Festival
Cape May, New Jersey
Oct. 19
Global Big Day
Worldwide
Oct. 19 - Oct. 20
Ding Darling Days
Sanibel Island, Florida
Oct. 25 - Oct. 28
Hawaii Island Festival of Birds
Kailua-Kona, Hawaii
Oct. 30 - Nov. 3
Yellow Rails and Rice Festival
Jennings, Louisiana
Nov. 3
Fall Migration Celebration
Augusta, Michigan
Nov. 5 - Nov. 10
Raptor Research Foundation Conference
Fort Collins, Colorado
Nov. 6 - Nov. 10
Rio Grande Valley Birding Festival
Harlingen, Texas
Nov. 8 - Nov. 10
California Swan Festival
Yuba City, California
Nov. 12 - Nov. 14
Wild Bird Feeding Industry Annual Meeting
Las Vegas, Nevada
Nov. 20 - Nov. 23
Festival of Cranes
San Antonio, New Mexico
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